Mesothelioma Types – Malignant Mesothelioma
- Mesothelioma Types – Malignant Mesothelioma
- What causes malignant mesothelioma?
- How malignant mesothelioma is treated?
- Malignant pleural mesothelioma
- Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma
- Malignant pericardial mesothelioma
- How malignant mesothelioma diagnosed?
- What options the patients have malignant mesothelioma?
Malignant mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer that affects the lining of thin-walled cells of the body’s internal organs and structures. This coating is known as mesothelium. Malignant mesothelioma has three known varieties. Are malignant pleural mesothelioma, pericardial mesothelioma malignant, and malignant peritoneal mesothelioma. Pleural Mesothelioma occurs in the pleura, the lining of the lung. Peritoneal Mesothelioma occurs in the peritoneum, the wall of the abdominal cavity. And pericardial mesothelioma occurs in the lining of the furnace, known as the pericardium.
What causes malignant mesothelioma?
Mesothelioma is only known to be caused by asbestos exposure. Asbestos is a nature but toxic mineral that was commonly used in heavy industry. microscopic asbestos fibers enter the body via the lungs or swallowed. Once inside, durable fibers are unable to be broken or expelled by the body, causing inflammation and scarring of the mesothelium. This scar lays the groundwork for malignant mesothelioma and other respiratory diseases such as asbestosis.
There are a lot of latency associated with exposure to asbestos and the onset of mesothelioma. Often patients do not find symptoms of mesothelioma until 30-50 years after asbestos exposure. In many cases, those diagnosed with mesothelioma it is not those who were directly exposed to asbestos in a worksite setting. Spouses and children of people exposed to asbestos who often came into contact with the fibers of clothing or person are exposed also developed malignant mesothelioma as a result.
How malignant mesothelioma is treated?
Malignant mesothelioma prognosis is poor, as often the disease can be diagnosed at later stages after symptoms have appeared. However, there are several treatment options for the management of cancer. These include chemotherapy mesothelioma, radiotherapy and surgical resection. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the methods most likely, but surgery is often an option for those whose disease is diagnosed early.
More aggressive therapies are now possible for patients diagnosed with mesothelioma in its early stages. For example, the extrapleural pneumonectomy is now possible in many patients with pleural mesothelioma who are considered eligible for aggressive surgery. Extrapleural pneumonectomy involves removal of the entire affected lung, pericardium, pleura and diaphragm. This aggressive surgery is often performed in patients with early stage mesothelioma by Dr. David Sugarbaker at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, MA.
The patient who is eligible to receive an aggressive surgery, as an extrapleural pneumonectomy, will have a more favorable prognosis than those diagnosed with advanced disease inoperable. However, there are treatment options for almost all patients with mesothelioma. chemotherapy cocktails such as the use of ALIMTA ® in combination with cisplatin, as well as numerous other clinical trial being conducted to mesothelioma patients the ability to slow disease progression and increase survival rates.
Malignant pleural mesothelioma
Malignant pleural mesothelioma is the most common type of mesothelioma and occurs in the mesothelial membrane around the lungs and chest cavity. Pleural mesothelioma, because it is more common than other varieties of malignancy, had invested more research on it. Pleural Mesothelioma represents approximately 70% of all mesothelioma diagnoses.
Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma
Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is less common than pleural mesothelioma and accounts for about 15-20% of all mesothelioma diagnoses. Peritoneal Mesothelioma occurs in the lining of the abdominal cavity to the membrane surrounding the organs of this region. Like pleural mesothelioma, peritoneal mesothelioma is only known to be caused by exposure to asbestos.
Malignant pericardial mesothelioma
Malignant mesothelioma of the pericardium is among the rarest of all malignancies known, and represents less than 10% of all mesothelioma diagnoses. pericardial mesothelioma occur within the mesothelial lining of the heart. Pericardial mesothelioma, as the varieties of pleural and peritoneal, are associated with exposure to asbestos. pericardial mesothelioma pleural variant differs in that are known to occur in younger individuals. When surgery is considered the preferred method of treatment, mobidity and mortality is almost certain, given the region where the tumor is located.
How malignant mesothelioma diagnosed?
Malignant mesothelioma is typically suspected if the patient complains of chest pain, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, chronic cough, or difficulty swallowing. Although any of these might indicate mesothelioma, which are also associated with many other respiratory diseases as well as new diagnostic procedures are usually warranted before an accurate diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma can be made. These may include imaging tests such as the topography of the computer or MRI. A diagnostic biopsy is also needed for cancer expert to analyze the behavior of these cells before a diagnosis is determined.
Misdiagnosis is not uncommon in patients of malignant mesothelioma, because the symptoms so closely resemble those of other diseases, including lung cancer and other respiratory illnesses. For this reason, those who are at high risk of mesothelioma (including those with a history of asbestos) should consult with doctors and cancer centers well versed in the treatment and diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma.
What options the patients have malignant mesothelioma?
Unfortunately, many of which were diagnosed with malignant mesothelioma of the disease have incurred as a result of negligent exposure to asbestos. It is now clear that many asbestos manufacturers were well aware of the dangers of asbestos and asbestos exposure. Hundreds of thousands of workers and workers were exposed in shipyards, power plants, factories and thousands of other jobsites of developing malignant mesothelioma each year.
The patients of malignant mesothelioma or other asbestos-related health complications should consult their doctor about treatment options mesothelioma many that are available. In addition, patients may be eligible for compensation if they were unduly exposed. All the information you seek yet to complete the brief contact form on this page to receive an mesothelioma and asbestos information pack detailing the treatment and legal options.